Sleep Apnea

Sleep Apnea

The airway from the nose down into the lungs is a sensitive mechanism. When awake, the muscles in the airway keep it open and allow us to breathe normally.

Snoring

Snoring

At least forty-five percent of adults snore occasionally, and 25% are habitual snorers. Snoring is more frequent in males and overweight persons, and it usually grows worse with age. However, women and children often snore too.

Restless Legs Syndrome

Restless Legs Syndrome

Restless Legs Syndrome, or RLS, is a very common disorder that often occurs in families, due to inherited problems with a neurochemical called dopamine. RLS also may result from other conditions, such as diabetes, kidney disease, neuropathy, anemia, and even nervous system trauma.

Narcolepsy

Narcolepsy

Narcolepsy is characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness and intermittent, uncontrollable episodes of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. During REM sleep, images such as dreams occur while the body is immobile, as if paralyzed. Narcoleptic individuals often experience aspects of REM sleep, such as seeing images or feeling partially paralyzed, with the onset of sudden emotional situations like laughter or surprise. It is a relatively rare condition, affecting approximately 1 in 2000 people.

Sleep Deprivation

Sleep Deprivation

Sleep deprivation is extremely common in modern society and can lead to issues with mood, alertness, and performance. Individuals are continually sleeping less and less as the speed of society increases and around-the-clock activities become more common. We just can’t miss out on anything. However, one thing we are missing out on is our sleep.

Parasomnias

Parasomnias

There are a number of sleep disorders that fall into this category. They are characterized by physical activity that usually does not occur during sleep.

Insomnia

Insomnia

Insomnia is a symptom that most people have experienced from time to time. In 6-10% of adults, it occurs frequently enough to be considered a disorder. Insomnia may result in daytime sleepiness, as well as physical, psychological, and behavioral problems. Symptoms include difficulty falling asleep and/or maintaining sleep on a regular basis. The causes for insomnia are multiple and may be related to underlying sleep disorders, psychological problems, or medical diseases. 

Circadian Rhythm Disorders

Circadian Rhythm Disorders

Circadian processes refer to biological activities that occur “around the day”, on a 24-hour cycle. The oldest and most powerful circadian process is our relationship to light and dark, or wake and sleep.